Lessons
Iconophonics

Sounds

Sequences

Rolls

Patterns

Iconophonics

On this page you will see a list of iconophonics. Iconophonics describe how sounds are made by combinations of parts of the mouth. They also show how sounds are shaped. Iconophonics are combined to make more complex sounds.

You can also view iconophonics as a map.

Plosives

Plosives are indicated by the two mouth parts touching.

Alveolar Plosive

tongue to ridge
Alveolar Plosive

Bidental (front) Plosive

upper and lower front teeth
Bidental (front) Plosive

Bidental (rear) Plosive

rear back teeth
Bidental (rear) Plosive

Bilabial Plosive

two lips
Bilabial Plosive

Dental Plosive

tongue to teeth
Dental Plosive

Interbilabial Plosive

tongue between lips
Interlabial Plosive

Interdental Plosive

tongue between teeth
Interdental Plosive

Labiodental Plosive

teeth to lips
Labiodental Plosive

Palatal Plosive

tongue to hard palate
Palatal Plosive

Pharyngeal Plosive

tongue to throat
Pharyngeal Plosive

Uvular Plosive

uvula to throat
Uvular Plosive

Velar Plosive

tongue to soft palate
Velar Plosive

Fricatives

Fricatives are indicated by the two mouth parts not touching.

Alveolar Fricative

between tongue and ridge
Alveolar Fricative

Bidental (front) Fricative

between two front teeth
Bidental (front) Fricative

Bidental (rear) Fricative

between rear teeth
Bidental-rear Fricative

Bilabial Fricative

between two lips
Bilabial Fricative

Dental Fricative

between tongue and teeth
Dental Fricative

Epiglottal Fricative

between epiglottis and throat
Epiglottal Fricative

Interdental Fricative

between tongue and upper and lower teeth
Interdental Fricative

Labiodental Fricative

between top teeth and lower lip
Labiodental Fricative

Palatal Fricative

between tongue and hard palate
Palatal Fricative

Pharyngeal Fricative

between tongue and throat
Pharyngeal Fricative

Uvular Fricative

between tongue and uvula
Uvular Fricative

Velar Fricative

between tongue and soft palate
Velar Fricative

Stops

Stops are indicated by the two mouth parts being connected by a line.

Alveolar Stop

tongue stays touching ridge
Alveolar Stop

Bidental (rear) Stop

upper and lower rear teeth stay touching
Bidental (rear) Stop

Bilabial Stop

two lips stay touching
Bilabial Stop

Dental Stop

tongue stays touching upper front teeth
Dental Stop

Epiglottal Stop

epiglottis stays touching throat
Epiglottal Stop

Interbilabial Stop

tongue stays between pressed lips
Interlabial Stop

Interdental Stop

tongue stays between pressed teeth
Interdental Stop

Labiodental Stop

upper front teeth stay pressed to lower lip

Nasopharyngeal Stop

uvular stays pressed to throat

Palatal Stop

tongue stays pressed to hard palate
Palatal Stop

Pharyngeal Stop

tongue stays pressed to throat
Pharyngeal Stop

Uvular Stop

tongue stays touching uvula
Uvular Stop

Velar Stop

tongue stays pressed to soft palate
Velar Stop

Percussives

Fricatives are indicated with a small circle overlapping the two mouth parts.

Bidental (front) Percussive

upper and lower front teeth banged together
Bidental (front) Percussive

Bidental (rear) Percussive

upper and lower rear teeth banged together
Bidental-rear Percussive

Bilabial Percussive

upper and lower lips banged together
Bilabial Percussive

Sublingual Percussive

tongue banged down to floor of mouth
Sublingual Percussive

Effectors

Effectors shape the sound.

Aspiration

breathing
Aspiration

Forced

a small oscillation is created
Forced

Inward

sound is made inwards
Inward

Oscillation

a continuous vibration
Oscillation

Tight

muscles are tightened
TyTe Effector

Vocals

Vocals can be high, mid, or low pitched.

Vocal (Low)

voiced at a low pitch
Vocal (Low)

Voiced (High)

voiced at a high pitch
Vocal (High)

Voiced (Mid)

voiced at normal speaking pitch
Vocal

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(c) Copyright 2017-2018 Gavin Tyte (aka TyTe)
(c) Copyright 2017-2018 Gavin Tyte (aka TyTe)

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